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Lost History The Enduring Legacy of Muslim Scientists Thinkers and Artists

Michael Hamilton Morgan Ç 8 Free download

Tain romantic view of the Middle East and North Africa during this period but Morgan s book goes much to far in "declaring Islam the spur for scientific innovation or at east the grease in the axle "Islam the spur for scientific innovation or at east the grease in the axle better reading is that Islam was not an impediment to science and math and that the expansion of the Islamic empire happened to draw an artificial boundary that roped in the scientific achievements of an area of the world that in a fortunate accident for Muslim expansion HAPPENED TO BE AT ITS INTELLECTUAL to be at its intellectual and its military perigee A fascinating read of the Authority Affiliate Marketing lost history of Muslim scientists thinkers and artists had and influenced on the world A very small minority were overooked in Europe for the Using Twitter For Business (Stuff Made Simple Book 4) longest time perhaps not coming toight until this book All the things we take for granted be it time pieces irrigation operations diagnosis numerals and so many things that we believed to have been around for hundreds of years and never asked who was the person behind that invention or observation What Anatomy of the Orchestra lead that person to come to this conclusion and where would we be without it Certainly in some schools somewhere at a glance will highlight these peopleikely by their Latin name only but here goes into some depth Not very much as there is much ground to cover so many people and so much time Here is a very good How to make Money with Porn look at theives of these men and women that shaped their world and ours that will ast far into the future even if the vast majority don t know their names and their stories Loved it This wonderful book is full of history ong forgotten illuminating an age of enlightened thinking and discovery for the Muslim empire that once spanned from Spain North Africa throughout the Middle East India and to China During this time of than 1000 years there were centers devoted to The Wind on the Heath learning and reason and in the great city centers Muslims Jews Christians and other religionsived and worked side by side An age where reason and education were valued it gave birth to a flowering of Mathematics science medicine astronomy philosophy as well as civic planners architects artists and poets Much of the European enlightenment can be attributed to the foundation Get Up and Do It! laid by these early scholars and scientists Universities teaching hospitals observatories centers devoted to the gathering of wisdom from any and all sources Algebra trigonometry algorithms and all find their roots in Muslim Mathematicssome of which had it s roots from an earlier mathematician in India The book is rich withost history and Repeat Performance lessons for our current time Perhaps the golden age had its demise with the devastation from waves of European crusaders that chose to conuer and separate and destroy rather than assimilate the riches of the conuered culture Even the Mongol hordes knew of the value the intellectual riches of conuered nations that once conuered they assimilated the highest and best of the culture One of the best books I ever read and I got it by coincidence Whats so great about this book is that it speaks fairly from multiple points of view it s not defensive or biased And the fact that I don t agree with every single point in it is indicative enough It illuminates some historical occurrences that s almost forgotten or neglected or even deliberately ignored It has a way ofinking the past and present that makes me wish I had a time machine to visit those timesTh Lost History provides that broken Newsjacking link between the ancient Greek civilization and the Renaissance movement in Europe When Europe was shrouded in the Dark Ages Muslim scientists and thinkers took up the mantle and produced extraordinary works in the fields of philosophy medicine mathematics music artsogic theology and architecture The Muslim cities in Spain under the Ummayads were the most advanced in Europe with auifers bringing water f I didn t find Morgan s thesis particularly insightful in fact I found the work hardly academic although I understand that it is perhaps aimed at a reader particularly biased due to prevailing Islamophobic discourse There are The Baron Goes Fast (Baron, literally no references to support most of the facts presented in the book and I found the fictitious setting in the start of each chapter totally unnecessary and making the discourseong winded and unilluminating In my opinion comparatively interesting and well written chapters are on Muslim contributions to mathematics and astronomy But than this is my own subjective opinion and I understand how most of the casual readers may end up The Organic City liking this work. Gures who revolutionized the mathematics astronomy and medicine of their time and paved the way for Newton Copernicus and many others And he reminds us that inspiredeaders from Muhammad to Suleiman the Magnificent and beyond championed religious tolerance encouraged intellectual inuiry and sponsored artistic architectural and Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary literary works that still dazzle us with their brilliance Lost History finally affords pioneeringeaders with the proper credit and respect they so richly deserve. It of repetition which slowed down the reading for me but other than that a deeply engrossing read that I would recommend to anyone D There are significant problems with the historical reading of Muslim intellectual contributions in this book The arguments Morgan makes are interesting but overall Morgan builds his arguments on useful but muddle headed illusions that allow him to attribute ownership of intellectual ideas like a patent awyer would assign intellectual property rights It might be a patent Giving the Body Its Due lawyer would assign intellectual property rights It might be anducrative to hold the patent on the electric ight bulb but only in a very weak sense can it be said that this is a results of "american culture without neglecting a great deal of "culture without neglecting a great deal of antecedents that had nothing to do with America Yet Morgan frames his arguments in this fashionOne interesting aspect of this book that sets it apart from other works ike Menocal s excellent Ornament of the World is that Morgan attempts to build the argument that Islam as a set of religious values is not antithetical to scientific progress That s a very timely point and one that has not received a fair hearingHowever Morgan tries to demonstrate this point through some references to the Koran and through the weight of so many examples of science flourishing within Islam that Islam encourages innovation and Living Doll learning particularly from other cultures Theatter makes some sense but makes for a boring overview of famous Muslims many of which are not Muslim at all as Morgan admits As for the argument from Koranic uotes I think it is a grave mistake to take uotes from holy books as evidence of religious culture and values as they are Designing for Magazines lived by followers of the religion So at best Morgan can only go as far as to say that there is no explicit exclusion ofearning within the text of the KoranIt s a good point actually If Islam has a reputation for intellectual conservatism it only deserves this reputation in regards to religious innovations not scientific ones In fact innovation has a distinctly negative connotation in the theology of Islam particularly among the Sunnah This theological conservatism may be a reflection of the Islamic concept that Mohammed put the icing on the cake of prophecy having revealed the final and unalterable word through his recitation the Koran This conservatism is so strong that even translations of the Koran into other The Wild Side languages or dialects including the updated written Arabic form taught in schools of the Arabic speaking world is considered to change the meaning too much to reflect the true revelationHowever the notion of innovation features mainly in the power struggles and in real theological debate and does not cross over into the realm of science Religious innovation remains a point of inflexibility among sects such as the followers of Wahabism and those who have used these fundamentalists to bolster their power chief among them the powerful Saudi royal family The Saudi connection just illuminates the sciencereligion dichotomy even as the two major outreach projects of the Saudi family are 1 its building of extravagant Mosues throughout the Muslim world and 2 its rich investment in its educational and scientific research infrastructure with theatter being a recent development and so much False Start less developed at the moment So here you have a single cultural entity that both encourages science and an inflexible reading of the KoranOutlining the very complex relationship between science and Islam is a strong point of Morgan s book and I wish he had expounded up on it to a greater extent Instead what he has done is reworked the same set of myths about science that are so common in culturally centered treatises And there are really two main fallacies in this approach First that a culture can take credit for an innovationike the concept of zero or algebra which could not have discovered or would have just as soon been forgotten were it not for ideas from other cultures upon which it was founded and because of which the concept itself became valuable Second that it was a particular culture or religious tradition that was responsible for the discovery or development of that idea In fact there are many examples in this book of Persians and Jews who made their discoveries within Islamic ruled countries How can these discoveries be attributed to Islam Jews are not Muslims and Persian culture was uite different and Persian science and math was much developed than what erupted out of the Persian Gulf around 700 ADI admit to a cer. Into Islam's historic achievements but also the ancient resentments that fuel today's bitter conflictsMichael Hamilton Morgan reveals how early Muslim advancements in science and culture Tombland lay the cornerstones of the European Renaissance the Enlightenment and modern Western society As he chronicles the Golden Ages of Islam beginning in 570 ad with the birth of Muhammad and resonating today he introduces scholarsike Ibn Al Haytham Ibn Sina Al Tusi Al Khwarizmi and Omar Khayyam towering fi. .
This book published by the National Geographic Society and distributed by Random House is very good at de mystifying Islam for the ayman The prose flows uickly covering a ot of ground making this a uick read I particularly enjoyed the diachronic approach explaining how present day Muslims in Ira Iran Lebanon etc or present day Europeans in formerly Muslim controlled Spain Sicily etc may themselves have forgotten the history behind their everyday surroundings how the texture of their reality was formed by previous history This approach makes each Chapter Accessible To The Western accessible to the Western placing present day reality and conflicts in the context of the bygone history of Islam Along the way the author introduces concepts which occur freuently in the ur an such as ilm knowledge and al reason human intelligence wisdom and ijma in spiritual matters the voice of the people making decisions by consensus which is supposed to matter than the views of a caliph Hamiton Morgan also introduces Mutazilites or conservatives at the time of al Mamun s caliphate who were instrumental in shaping an Islamic ideal in which the caliph does not inherit or seize power but is elected by the faithful this elected caliph is then expected to re create the kind of society that the Prophet really intended cp mutakallimun theological scholars who turn to ancient philosophy to articulate and strengthen their ideas attracted by the rigors of Greek ogic I particularly enjoyed Chapter 2 Lost Cities of Genius I m afraid we have to add Baghdad post 2003 invasionlooting to the ist of Lost Cities For the plundering and destruction of contemporary Baghdad including the wholesale theft of the main museum housing Irai cultural heritage war crimes that occurred during the initial invasion and early days of the American occupation of Ira under Bremer s incompetent oversight I recommend the film No End in Sight 2007 documentary For a preview go to or Meanwhile this book shies away from any partisan condemnation that is the mess created by the US in Ira The book s author is head of New Foundations for Peace For details go to His book is clearly an attempt at cross cultural discussion and is explicitly meant as a refutation of the misbegotten idea that there is no common ground between the Mid East and "Western Traditions There S "traditions There s of common ground when you consider the genius innovativeness and religious tolerance for which the Muslim cultures are known at east among historians If you re a neo con crazy to use a common euphemism for in clear English a fascist or if you re keen on Armageddon scenarios in the Mid East you need to have read this book yesterday and mend your ways For one you need to realize that Jerusalem is just as sacred to Islam as it is to Christianity and Judaism The Captain Tsubasa - Tome 29: La renaissance du duo en or ! last thing any Muslim wants to see is for any harm to come to Jerusalem This book influenced me in so many different ways Iearned so much about Islamic history that I knew nothing about and it opened up my mind to just how advanced technology and science was I read it in Arabic but I still enjoyed it a Dream Fossil lot especially since many of the names and titles that were mentioned were familiar words in Arabic to me This book made me feel surprised happy astonished proud and aittle sad It s sad to me that such rich history is forgotten and it angers me when Muslims are thought of as insignificant when so many of their discoveries and inventions are still being used to this day by individuals all over the globe It shouldn t be that surprising that international books don t mention the contribution of Muslims in history but why don t our own books teach us that in school Who are we if we don t After We Collided (After, learn our own past It is indeedost history This book was a present from my oldest brother and it has been waiting to be read for uite some time but for some reason I kept postponing it possibly because I am so used to fiction that non fiction was a bit daunting Now I realise that it was good that I read it now because I think when I was younger I wouldn t really have been as engrossed as I was now This book enlightened me on so many things that I had a vague idea about but not to the extent that I know now I was reading this book at times knowing what I was reading and then being hit suddenly by a fact that I had no idea about This book kept fascinating me until the end and the amount of times I exclaimed oh really is inumerable As interesting as it was there were instances when there seemed to be a In an era when the relationship between Islam and the West seems mainly defined by mistrust and misunderstanding we often forget that for centuries Muslim civilization was the envy of the world Essential reading for anyone seeking to understand the major role played by the early Muslim world in influencing modern society Lost History fills an important void Written by an award winning author and former diplomat with extensive experience in the Muslim world it provides new insight not only.