BOOKS READ Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World AUTHOR David Epstein – friendship–

Local Online Marketing jAre some outliers such as Tiger Woods but generally speaking it s better to nurture many interests and try out different things taking risks instead of alwaysust falling back on experience though there is nothing wrong with experience itself it s Les grands vaincus de l'histoire just that it doesn t help in every situationInterestingly I had to think of many experiences from my own life For example Germany has different kinds of graduations at high schools science heavy art heavy general and I chose the general Abitur Then I had to decide about my future and after being told and believing I couldn t do what I wanted yes I m regretting it especially after this book I studied linguistics But I decided against a university as those students only study vocabulary and grammar it was too narrow for me and didn t promise good chances to get aob later instead opting for a private school that taught geography history and politics of all the countries where the language I chose was spoken plus IT and finance on top of that It was definitely the right way to go though my degree is considered less than that with a university stamp which isn t worth anything when applying for a ob thoughTheoretical knowledge alone wasn t worth as much as theory plus practical appliance so I won I do regret not risking much when I was younger instead being talked into fearing failure This book showcases that there necessarily isn t any fault in making mistakes and trying one thing after another An important lessonThere are some almost unbelievable stories in here Such as the Navy SEAL the author met personally Or the United States Military Academy West Point and how it had to adapt completely misjudging the situation Or how some people raised their children not necessarily in a bad way the accomplishments are what s unbelievable To say nothing of NASA engineers having to puzzle over problems before the Challenger launch we all know how that ended or the professors trying to teach their students to not only interpret any given data but to ask if this is the data they indeed needIt also hints at what we need to do change going forward Standardized tests like the US school system uses are the death of innovation And other countries aren t doing much better People are no longer if ever encouraged to really solve problems but to categorize them according to pre established templates But life doesn t always happen according to pre ordained patterns We need polymaths and unafraid ones as thatPersonally I loved the history lessons here In telling the reader of certain people throughout history the author managed to show the psychological differences he was talking about Along the way we even get a few exercises to solve lolMoreover the way events and theories are presented is downright thrilling and funny and down to earth The writing isn t simplistic but it s also not unnecessarily complex We get swept along at breakneck speed and I enjoyed every minute of this ride Not many non fiction books manage to break a topic down in such a charming way and convey so much information so successfully if it s not presented in a dry fashion one is much likely to remember itFantastic book Let them torture the cucumbers In a lot of ways this book is a vindication of everything I hold dearWhy Well granted it IS a vindication of a mindset that rebels against going down any single rabbit hole to the exclusion of everything else in this life which is basically another way of saying that specialists are generally unable to see beyond their own field Being widely read having wide experiences and knowing a ton of different fields lends the person in uestion a much greater chance to make creative connections that most others will missThe benefit of being a generalist is not lost on me The I learn across many fields the easier I understand ANY field even unrelated ones like cross stitching and covariant loop analysis Or the tensile strength of a willow tree to cognitive plasticity It s not about knowing any one thing It s about being able to see the forest for the trees About seeing and correctly intuiting the bigger picture It s about sussing out trends Tossing out bad ideas including a wide variety of tools in your toolbox and knowing which ones to throw away as the situation demandsIt s about being adaptable Being able to be creative Using analogies It s about cutting to the heart of the issue because you re able to SEE a problem that might cross many different fields and affect them allIn a specialist world generalists still tend to outperform across their entire many different fields and affect them allIn a specialist world generalists still tend to outperform across their entire any specialist Being able to cite everyone in your field does not predict how you would perform when encountering anything novelSo who s in charge of hiring well read people with strong critical thinking skills and temperaments conducive to who s in charge of hiring well read people with strong critical thinking skills and temperaments conducive to outside the boxAnyoneHello I m right herelol Do I think it s a five star book It s very hard for me to say as I wrote the thing By the time I m done working on a book I have such a strong insider view of the project that it s difficult to be objective I will say this I worked extremely hard on it and as a writer researcher and reader I found it to be much interesting than my first book Most readers enjoyed that first book at least according to Goodreads ratings so I hope most readers will as I have enjoy this one even This book looks at how an emphasis on specialization can actually hamper our ability to really excel at something It aligns with what I try to do when I am coaching in my stories and what we re doing with Mamba Sports Academy create all around athletes who can think critically and make assessments in real time to enhance their play rather than rely only on a narrow set of skills Disclosure I won this pre release copy in a drawing from the publisherThe book wasn t badly written but for me it was something of a slog I ve enjoyed similar books in this genre the sort of pop psychology self help mashup including books like Willpower BaumeisterTierney The Upside of Down McArdle The Power of Habit Duhigg among others There was nothing distracting in the style of Range that failed to work for me But the presentation often left me wanting arguing in my head against the point the author was making It often felt like being led down a garden path and asked to ignore things on the edge of the trail as meaningless distractionsPart of the challenge confronting the author was in tackling a deconstructed subject In the opening chapter Tiger Woods and Roger Federer are presented as uxtapositions in how to become the best in their respective sports Woods is raised on golf obsessively from an early age while Federer is allowed to explore all sports until he settles on tennis much later Woods exemplifies the narrow specialist while Federer stands in for the generalist As a reader I kept complaining that they were both raised on sports generally and that both were clearly encouraged to develop talents by sports obsessive homesAnd the reading went on in this spirit throughout with uite impressive accomplished individuals described in broad outlines predominantly having achieved success as apparent outsiders rather than very very narrow specialists who had rarely been permitted to pursue interests beyond the narrow confines This often felt like an anecdote held up as a contrast to a caricature The supporting research mentioned freuently felt vague than persuasive And as a result for me the book was mostly frustratingIt was not all a loss however as the author certainly shows significant benefit of applying far "Flung Knowledge To Unanticipated Problems He Clearly Demonstrates The Tendency "knowledge to unanticipated problems He clearly demonstrates the tendency narrow specialists in our increasingly specialized society to become blinkered by their own learning to the point that they can no longer step outside their fields for a fresh view from a different perspective He also shows how institutions like NASA can succumb to a narrow minded specialist group thinkI can t say that I regret pushing myself to read all the way through But I felt I didn t get any particular insights from it much less suggestions for how to get greater range or how to make better use of my own generalist background Yet it may well benefit readers who ve come to believe that specialization is all there is or should be in lif. Session with getting a head start is understandable; early specialization feels efficient But Epstein marshals an enormous body of scientific research to argue that we should all actively cultivate inefficiency Failing a test is the best way to learn Freuent uitters end up with the most fulfilling careers The most impactful inventors cross domains rather than deepening their knowledge in a single area Provocative rigorous and engrossing Range explains how to maintain the benefits of breadth diverse experience interdisciplinary thinking and delayed concentration in a world that increasingly incentivizes even demands hyperspecializatio. .

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As a believer in Charlotte Mason s generous feast I knew the minute I heard about this book that I had to read it It did start slow but this book snowballed itself through my mind gathering momentum during a long lonely car trip After finishing the audio I immediately bought the Kindle version because I plan to use much of this information in a talk I have already done a few times This book illustrates so well how important a wide and generous feast is Beating out Atomic Habits another great book this is my favorite book so far this year This book is a useful mythbuster grit 10000 hours deliberate practice tiger moms this book says forget all of that sort of Try lots of things read broadly and fail lots of times I agree with this formula for success Specialization is boring I think there is something to being obsessive once you are in the right track Once you figure out the project or sport you need to focus This doesn t go against the thesis of the book but he wasn t explicit about it The story of the new US Open golf winner illustrates part of the thesis of this book A range of experience is sometimes better than over specialization In the book Roger Federer is another examplehttpswwwnytimescom20190617spThis passage describes a key finding that is central to the bookJames Flynn is a professor of political studies in New ZealandFlynn s great disappointment is the degree to which society and particularly higher education has responded to the broadening of the mind by pushing specialization rather than focusing early training on conceptual transferable knowledge Flynn conducted a study in which he compared the grade point averages of seniors at one of America s top state universities from neuroscience to English majors to their performance on a test of critical thinking The test gauged students ability to apply fundamental abstract concepts from economics social and physical sciences and logic to common real world scenarios Flynn was bemused to find that the correlation between the test of broad conceptual thinking and GPA was about zero In Flynn s words the traits that earn good grades at the university do not include critical ability of any broad significance Even the best universities aren t developing critical intelligence he said They aren t giving students the tools to analyze the modern world except in their area of specialization Their education is too narrow As a patient I see this in medicine My father practiced medicine for 40 years He used to say that medicine was as much an art as a science The art is gone No doctor I ve encountered knows how to take a good patient history Many times as a result of my own research I ve asked my doctors what about X Oh good idea Shouldn t they have the ability and knowledge to bring these issues up themselves But this is true in many fields in late 2014 a team of German scientists published a study showing that members of their national team which had ust won the World Cup were typically late specializers who didn t play organized soccer than amateur league players until age twenty two or later They spent of their childhood and adolescence playing non organized soccer and other sportsIt s not about the mythical 10000 hours The reason that elite athletes seem to have superhuman reflexes is that they recognize patterns of ball or body movements that tell them what s coming before it happens As the greatest hockey player in history Wayne Gretzky said I skate to where the puck is going not where it has been Same is true of Steph Curry who views the basketball court as a rapidly moving chessboard He sees several moves ahead When we know the rules and answers and they don t change over time chess golf playing classical music an argument can be made for savant like hyperspecialized practice from day one But those are poor models of most things humans want to learn Meanwhile advances in artificial intelligence have already shown that rules based human obs will be the first to go the AI is implemented This reality was made shockingly obvious when a computer defeated the world champion Gary Kasparov in chess Likewise the international Go champion And now poker RE parents psychologist Adam Grant noted that creativity may be difficult to nurture but it is easy to thwart He pointed to a study that found an average of six household rules for typical children compared to one in households with extremely creative childrenDarwin s father was a doctor who wanted his son to become a doctor Darwin lasted only half a semester in med school He turned to the church He was a Bible literalist at the time and figured he would become a clergyman He bounced around classes including a botany course with a professor who subseuently recommended him for an unpaid position aboard the HMS Beagle After convincing his father that he would not become a deadbeat if he took this one detour he experienced perhaps the most impactful post college gap year in history Decades later Darwin reflected on the process of self discovery It seems ludicrous that I once intended to be a clergyman he wrote A recent international Gallup survey of than two hundred thousand workers in 150 countries reported that 85 percent were either not engaged with their work or actively disengaged In that condition according to Seth Godin uitting takes a lot guts than continuing to be carried along like debris on an ocean wave The trouble Godin noted is that humans are bedeviled by the sunk cost fallacy Having invested time or money in something we are loath to leave it because that would mean we had wasted our time or money even though it is already gone There is perverse inverse relationship between fame and accuracy The likely an expert was to have his or her predictions featured on op ed pages and television the likely they were always wrong Paul Ehrlich s Population Bomb is an infamous example He appeared on Johnny Carson s Tonight Show 20x gave congressional testimony and his theory was heavily sold in a cover article in The New Republic The end result of this crisis Ehrlich asserted would be global nuclear war The hedgehogs according to political scientist Philip Tetlock Toil Devotedly Within One toil devotedly within one of their specialty and reach for formulaic solutions to ill defined problems Outcomes did not matter they were proven right by both successes and failures and burrowed further into their ideas It made them outstanding at predicting "the past but dart throwing chimps at predicting the future the opposite of flexible intelligence is cognitive entrenchmentResearchers in Canada "past but dart throwing chimps at predicting the future the opposite of flexible intelligence is cognitive entrenchmentResearchers in Canada The United States the United States a 2017 study by asking a politically diverse and well educated group of adults to read arguments confirming their beliefs about controversial issues When participants were then given a chance to get paid if they read contrary arguments two thirds decided they would rather not even look at the counterarguments never mind seriously entertain them I liked the first 10 chapters of this book In chapters 11 12 the author turns it into a business book with some extremely tedious cases studies that they do in MBA programs It reminded me why I don t like and never read business books So this a caveat for this book that removes one star from the ratingPoker AIhttpswwwnytimescom20190711scExcellent new documentary on AIhttpswwwyoutubecomwatchv5dZl Compare yourself to yourself yesterday not to younger people who aren t you An incredibly slow read for me but I enjoyed it a lot and felt like I was on information overload after finishing each chapter Who knew that so many case studies and anecdotes could support having breadth vs depth of knowledge The author of course nods to the fact that it s important to have both kinds of people generalists and specialists but his argument is against the prevalent thinking that we should pick an area of focus from a young age and keep at itSome of the sections that spoke most to me involved communication across teams and disciplines I honestly felt that I grew the most as a professional when working with and learning from colleagues who did very different things than me during their day to day these relationships were especially rewarding when we could collaborate toward fixing a common problem Epstein covers this a few different times from What's the most effective path to success in any domain It's not what you thinkPlenty of experts argue that anyone who wants to develop a skill play an instrument or lead their field should start early focus intensely and rack up as many hours of deliberate practice as possible If you dabble or delay you'll never catch up to the people who got a head start But if you take a closer look at the world's top performers from professional athletes to Nobel laureates you'll find that early specialization is the exception not the ruleDavid Epstein author of the New York Times bestseller The Sports Gene studied the world's most successful ath. Task as general as comparing your project against others within the company to get an understanding of how long it might take and whether it will be worth it in the end to the tradition of Monday Notes at NASA notes submitted by engineers which were circulated so all divisions could see what problems others were facingOne of my favorite conclusions from Epstein was that teams need elements of both hierarchy and individualism to survive Often too much process focused on pandering to upper management leads to lower uality feedback from lower ranking employees or in so many words an erosion of trust He calls this concept an Allegiance to Hierarchy and showcases how detrimental it can be particularly through the examples of the Challenger disaster and the 2008 global financial crisisAs someone who enjoys working across teams learning new things and sees contextual information critical to doing my Sound and Fury (Drake Chronicles, job I appreciated Epstein s argument that it s important to have people who look across teamsprojects to identify systemic issues This is something I truly feel companies don t value enough and even though I ve advocated for it myself it s not something I ve often been encouraged to doThis is one of the few books I would actually recommend that everyone read That being said I can t uite give it 5 stars because it really is a challenge to push through some of the research I think the best approach is trying to readust one chapter per day so you have time to think about it Maybe it s of a 45 star read See of my reviews Blog Instagram I ve staked my entire adult life on following the generalist s path instead of the specialist s so I hoped this book would answer my basic uestions What about the role Neuroplasticity plays with keeping the following people analytically extra sharp The Polymath the Multi Instrumentalist and those like Noam Chomsky composer Elliot Carter Aristotle Leonard da Vinci or Bertrand Russell all deeply learned in multiple fields range yet known for changing how we understand hear or see things Zero on Neuroplasticity Ok then what will David say about how generalists best can pull deep multi disciplinary analogies through their multiple points of reference Meh nothing of note How about this Generalists can see the big picture They can see the forest for the trees They can tell us deeper stories of our times They are apt to see macro Society is further atomized by specialists while further integrated by the generalist How do you make systemic change to avoid extinction without generalists How do local areas survive economic collapse without generalists How do you prioritize at the highest level of society without generalists I m Ecommerce Society just making stuff up fast that I wanted to hear but this book had none of it so what did this book teach me Some cool facts likeWhen you think your favorite Van Gogh s paintings you are thinking of only the last three years of his life Wow At his death Michelangelo left three fifths of his sculptures unfinished Edison had over 1000 patents most were unimportant Sandwiched between King Lear and Macbeth Shakespeare uilled Timon of Athens Jackson Pollack was literally one of the least talented draftsmen at the Art Student s League That led him to writing his own rules Lots of stumped creative teams benefit from bring in outside knowledge like InnoCentive google them Iowa not traditionally known as the hot bed of American music and culture once had than 1000 opera houses MRI scans ofazz musicians show that during improvising their internal criticism was suspended unlike during practice when they identified errors and corrected them There is no entrenched interest fighting on the side of range Well that is because elites don t want oppressed masses with range out lobbying corporate lobbyists by sheer endless volume as Ralph Nader discusses in depth with Chris Hedges on In Contact RT If you have true range you are likely to want to oppose corporate power capitalism militarism and all undeserved power because your outlook becomes bigger Luckily for elites even though everything from ancient pre history to today is all at your fingertips the average American can t find Europe on a map of the world there s today s range A lot of this book is telling the reader that when involving techniues of problem solving there is no one answer nor is there one place to look for answers David uses uitters never win as an example Many top minds uit what they were doing and changed obs to finally succeed and so for them uitting made all the difference With this mindset you fail when you don t have the courage to leave a dead end situation In other words there are strong advantages if you don t consider your path fixed Although some say Einstein was destined for fame as a Swiss patent clerk others say he made a good call in switching Premature optimization means specializing in a field before you know yourself well enough For many Americans their obs didn t exist when they were kids and so to reach them they took many paths As David says those many paths travelled gave us rangeIn conclusion this book has no stories of activists with range nor stories of progressive or radical change makers who affected great change by linking many disciplines MLK linking racism capitalism and militarism Noam Chomsky linking language power structure analysis foreign affairs Dead Man Stalking (The Morganville Vampires, journalism economics and all social and economic and socialustice initiatives Cornel West and Chris Hedges linking Theology to Social Justice Radical Prophets and Philosophy David never even mentions Intersectionality once So if you are reading this book to learn how humans are right now "solving the climate crisis fending off extinction or any kind of activism
through the range 
the range "the climate crisis fending off extinction or any kind of activism through the range of generalists sorry you are out of luck Instead this book is about how generalists help innovation capitalism and even the military In one of David s stories a US military team is reuested to gain a speed advantage over the enemy in Afghanistan Not the opponent but the enemy Let s invade a sovereign nation and give it the longest war in American history and after refusing to leave let s label anyone actively resisting our invasion and never leaving as the enemy One reviewer called this groundbreaking and other called it breathtaking what nonsense the subject of this book is so important and yet I see it as a massive opportunity suandered Range is needed in hundreds of ways to save the planet why not mention it once in your bookThis is a great defanged book for US elites to exploit by employing generalists both the military and multi nationals can better pry open business opportunities in countries that can t defend themselves Each chapter starts with an easy story and there s some People Magazine worthy uotes inside about tennis players musicians chess players Darwin Girl Scouts and the Challenger disaster to keep the average reader uite content If I wasn t so busy hugging my American Flag made in China I be saluting content If I wasn t so busy hugging my American Flag made in China I be saluting brave book which after giving minor nods to art sports and culture will keep any conservative or centrist reader on the straight and narrow of focusing on business and military applications where the money to pay generalists is without any embarrassing talk about applications for social or economic The Soul of the Matter justice Now THIS is how you write a compelling non fiction book This has catapulted itself on my must have shelf after the introduction aloneThe topic is nothing new specialized thinking vs broad thinking We have it in evolution in Darwin s famous fitness of surviving species It has nothing to do with size or teeth or muscle strength Rather it s about adaptability It also applies to thinking processesThus the author examines the different psychological variations within the human population throughout historyWe get athletes like Tiger Woods vs Roger Federer totally opposite upbringing both highly successful we get artists like Van Gogh or Miyazaki both for the same point we get the woman who saved the Girl Scouts of America we get chess champions not masters vs computers we get musicians like the orphans of one of the goodwill hospitals in VeniceThere are many stories of people being successful or not All these stories along with many studies show that being a polymath is the way to go Yes there. Letes artists musicians inventors forecasters and scientists He discovered that in most fields especially those that are complex and unpredictable generalists not specialists are primed to excel Generalists often find their path late and theyuggle many interests rather than focusing on one They're also creative agile and able to make connections their specialized peers can't spy from deep in their hyperfocused trenches As experts silo themselves further while computers master of the skills once reserved for highly focused humans people who think broadly and embrace diverse experiences and perspectives will increasingly thriveOur ob.
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Range Why Generalists Triumph in a Specialized World