( BOOKS Ain't I a Woman Black Women and Feminism ) ☆ Bell Hooks – friendship–circle.co.uk
Our society I had always been a passionate and convicted feminist as far back as Jr High really After outgrowing the boybands of the late 90 early 00 s I moved on to metal punk rock and emo music Riot Grrrl and the principles that came with it with was just the next natural step so I came of age within the realm of white feminism Bell Hooks put into words every feeling I ever had about myself that no song ever could It was like listening to a knowledgeable Aunt or big sister talk about her experiences Like I cried mid way through the book that s how powerful Ain t I a Woman is If you care about black women feminism or even just humanity you need to read this book because it will change you and if it doesn t well then you are an asshole Radical Accessible we need bell hooksThe Good I was setting a high bar expecting something similar to Angela Y Davis Women Race Class and Audre Lorde s Sister Outsider Essays and Speeches and to my delight bell hooks exceeded these expectations bell hooks exemplifies intersectionality at its best radical principled critiue while still rasping the big picture by maintaining solidarity and iving room for change thus not a cynical armchair revolutionaryThis is no easy feat there will always be a range of reactions with misinterpretations slipping beyond your control However bell hooks elouently demonstrates that her critiues are meant to build on by working out contradictions rather than tear down or diminish movements Fallacies are methodically unraveled in an accessible manner we have enough dry academic tomes that will never see the light of day in social movements with summaries like this that strike at the core In all these struggles we must be assertive and challenging combating the deep seated tendency in Americans to be liberal that is to evade struggling over uestions of principle for fear of creating tensions or becoming unpopular Instead we must live by the fundamental dialectical principle that progress comes only from struggling to resolve contradictions Highlights1 Legacies of slavery especially the additional sexism towards black women in their field and domestic slave labor2 19th century capitalist development transforming the image of white women from sinful temptress to virtuous innocence in contrast to the image of black women 3 Conflict and fallacies with white liberal feminism and black male anti racism similar to Women Race Class A particular focus is unpacking the myth of black men s emasculation difficulties becoming the breadwinner and corresponding myth of black matriarchy popularized by the 1965 Moynihan Report and how they perpetuate capitalist patriarchal worldviews The Missing This book is a crash course social analysis overview a useful pairing would be Cornel West s Race Matters With a New Introduction Key topical reads include The New Jim Crow Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness and The Color of Law A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America While bell hooks builds from important frameworks in political economy and historical materialism a deeper dive into these structures of real world capitalism will fill out the other half of hook s analyses such as this While feminist supporters like to think that feminism has been the motivating force behind changes in woman s role in actuality changes in the American capitalist economy have had the reatest impact on the status of women More women than ever before are in America s work force not because of feminism but because families can no longer rely on the income of the father Feminism has been used
As A Psychological Tool To Make Women a psychological tool to make women that work they might otherwise see as boring tedious and time consuming is liberating For whether feminism exists or not women must work This was a reat companion read to Audre Lorde s Sister Outsider Ain t I A Woman provides Lorde s Sister Outsider Ain t I A Woman provides comprehensive historical And Social Analysis Of social analysis of ways black women have been marginalized by both white feminist movements and civil rights movements run by black menhooks brings forward numerous examples of racist actions and statements by first and second wave feminists such as white women suffragettes excluding black women from their organizations and conferences Most feminists have heard of Sojourner Truth s Ain t I a Woman speech that this book is named after but most of us didn t hear about the white women at that convention who screamed Don t let her speak Don t let her speak as Truth mounted the platformThe examples hooks brought forward made me fully understand why some black women see the label feminist as irredeemable but hooks herself notes the ways in which black women experience sexist oppression alongside of and intersecting with race and class oppression She argues against separate feminist roups for women of different races saying All women should experience in racially mixed Henry Fuckits Nursing Notes groups affirmation and support Racism is the barrier that prevents positive communication and it is not eliminated or challenged by separationIt is a contradiction that white females have structured a women s liberation movement that is racist and excludes many non white women hooks states However the existence of that contradiction should not lead any woman to ignore feminist issuesI choose to re appropriate the term feminism to focus on the fact that to be feminist in any authentic sense of the term is to want for all people female and male liberation from sexist role patterns domination and oppressionIf anyone wants to understand why feminism needs to become intersectional this will helpive the context and teach about the problems in our past I see this as an essential part of moving forward to a feminism that doesn t leave some women behind Bell hooks s primary opponent in this book is the white feminist movement what s typically called the second wave of the 1960s and 70s Her point is that the white women involved in the movement are racist and sexist and have routinely alienated and antagonized the black women who should be standing at their sides but in order to develop that point she retraces the history of black women in the United States since slavery The book was Chemistry groundbreaking upon its publication in 1981 and it launched the career of one of the most prolific and influential American cultural critics of the last several decades As a piece of scholarship it certainly has limitations It makes too many broad historicaleneralizations it doesn t rapple with the fact that the United States is made up of people who are neither white nor black it s somewhat heteronormative and many sources are not cited However as a piece of rhetoric it s well written insightful and certainly effective Three star. Ck womanhood black male sexism racism within the recent women's movement and black women's involvement with femini. Red evolution for the sake of your self help book view of life Feminism as a political ideology advocating social euality for all women was and is acceptable to many black women They rejected the women s movement when it became apparent that middle and upper class college educated white women who were its majority participants were determined to shape the movement so that it would serve their own opportunistic endsTo those who saw feminism solely as a way to demand entrance into the white male power structure it simplified matters to make all men oppressors and all women victims Any idea can be abused What matters is the willingness to pay heed to the conseuences and the neverending effort to push that idea to its ultimate limits of inclusiveness of every being deserving of life liberty and the pursuit of happiness And then some Racism is the barrier that prevents positive communication and it is not eliminated or challenged by separation White women supported the formation of separate roups because it confirmed their preconceived racist sexist notion that no connection existed between their experiences and those of black womenIt in no way diminishes our concern about racist oppression for us to acknowledge that our human experience is so complex that we cannot understand it if we only understand racism The Internet enables me to say these words without fear of physical retribution Words words words of course but I am a writer and once upon a time my words were not so Tarihi Değiştiren Gizli Servisler good Once upon a time everything I stood for and how I stood for it was not soood The memory of that if nothing else is what keeps me The Keeper of Lost Causes (Department Q, going A feminism so rooted in envy fear and idealization of male power cannot expose the de humanizing effect of sexism on men and women in American societyOur willingness to assume responsibility for the elimination of racism need not be engendered by feelings ofuilt moral responsibility victimization or rage It can spring from a heartfelt desire for sisterhood and the personal intellectual realization that racism among women undermines the potential radicalism of feminismThat sisterhood cannot be forged by the mere saying of words It is the outcome of continued rowth and change It is a oal to be reached a process of becoming The process begins with action with the individual woman s refusal to accept any set of myths stereotypes and false assumptions that deny the shared commonness of her human experience that deny her capacity to experience the Unity of all life that deny her capacity to bridge aps created by racism sexism or classism that deny her ability to change The process begins the the individual woman s acceptance that American women without exception are socialized to be racist classist and sexist in varying degrees and that labeling ourselves feminists does not change the fact that we must consciously work to rid ourselves of the legacy of negative socialization She wrote this at nineteen Imagine that Now o forth A while back I read an article in the Washington Post about the new domesticity among women But it only identified the lives of white women living in urban cities After that I read another article about how the sustainable food movement and bike to work movement often appeared white and for people of priveledge Later on a show called Girls made its debut on HBO and there was uite an uproar about class and race because there appeared to be so much left out from a show that was supposed to be a reat series on the modern woman On the modern feminist It reminded me how left out I feel about most feminist work and things in pop culture eared towards most feminist work and things in pop culture eared towards I want to be interested because media is telling me it s for me But then I realized how much it isn
t and I wondered constantly about the seperation Because of this I went to Ain t I a Woman and I wondered constantly about the seperation Because of this I went to Ain t I a Woman book I tried to read at 15 but needed now than ever The history of the feminist movement shared
IN THIS BOOK IS INCREDIBLE THE FACT THAT IT this book is incredible The fact that it t want anything to do with black women made me think that we still have uite a long way to o To look at this body of work in today s light you can t deny that still womenwhite women and blackblack men How much are we still left out of the euation And for that uestion I can only say how important this book is for all women over two decades later There is a sense among most reviewers that AIAW is a Complex PTSD good but somewhat jumbled term paper But to find out that Ms hooks was an undergraduate when this was writtenives one the understanding that this is the beginning of hooks in the movement This is an incredible work for someone who was not a professor or not yet an expert in this field And to understand that it opens the doors for much of her later work and opens the doors for other black feminist writers and historians I took my time reading AIAW There was a sense that in some ways she was preaching to the choir but even the choir is shocked by this message I think her intention was not to rant to call out or shame but to teach To educate ALL women and men in the movement And for that I am extremely thankful for this book There s this idea that feminism is a radical thing but when approached in the right way it s there to open your eyes to the long history of ineuality A history that is often being repeated Feminism done right is there to radically change your mind about what your role is while walking through this life This book will make you rethink what it means to be a black woman I cannot stress enough how important this book is a molotov cocktail into the cultural necropolis that is America bell hooks wields her pen like a sledgehammer dismantling the pillars of a sexist racist and classist society She illustrates how these three insidious ideologies oppress and privilege us in myriad ways poisoning the possibility for If I Have to Tell You One More Time. . . genuine human interactioncommunity and dehumanizing us all Some reviewers have criticized the book for not having footnotes or for certain historical inaccuracies oreneralizations These minor missteps do not change the validity of the conclusions she draws and conseuently are just ivory tower uibbling Her clarion call ending demanding a radical transformative force in American society to dismantle the institutions that merely perpetuate these oppressions restates Fanon s call for the New Man with a much better understanding of the pitfalls along the way If only Fanon would have realized that entrusting the revolution to patriarchs does not result in anyone being free and instead merely reanimates the rotting cadaver of Europe a monstrous edifice made flesh It wasn t until I read this book did I finally start understand as to what it s truly like to exist as a black woman in. Ession Ain't I a Woman examines the impact of sexism on black women during slavery the historic devaluation of bla.
Summary Ain't I a Woman Black Women and FeminismI am a little fledgling when it comes to intersectional feminism so this was a Digital Biology great book for me to read It further explored and clarified certain arguments and points of view that I ve readlistened about online It was published in 1987 so it s not completely up to date but it is really an excellent bookbell hooks discusses black women and the sexism and racism they faced during slavery and then continues discussing and exploring the sexism and racism that they face in contemporary times Particularly focusing on white women s feminism and how white feminism has historically excluded black women and women of colour from itI d really recommend it Her writing is powerful unapologetic and importantalso lots of today s mainstream white feminists could do with reading this tbhhhh A very informative book The most important book I ve ever read White male scholars who examined the black family by attempting to see in what ways it resembled the white family structure were confident that their data was not biased by their own personal prejudices against women assuming an active role in family decision making But it must be remembered that these white males were educated in an elite institutional world that excluded both black people and many white women institutions that were both racist and sexist Calling myself racist accomplishes nothing Calling society racist accomplishes nothing Calling the world racist accomplishes nothing and in fact solipsistically applies the framework of United States oppression theory to a vast spectra of bigotry each impacting the other but never ever the same In a word calling out an observation does nothing Appropriating the patriarchal scientific method for a moment one hypothesizes experiments hypothesizes experiments ad infinitum Call out your observations wonder whyo forth call out wonder o forth Never ever stop Historically white patriarchs rarely referred to the racial identity of white women because they believed that the subject of race was political and therefore would contaminate the sanctified domain of white women s reality By verbally denying white women racial identity that is by simply referring to them as women when what they really meant was white women their status was reduced to that of non personWhite feminists did not challenge the racist sexist tendency to use the word woman to refer solely to white women they supported it For them it served two purposes First it allowed them to proclaim white men world oppressors while making it appear linguistically that no alliance existed between white women and white men based on shared racial imperialism Second it made it possible for white women to act as if alliances did exist between themselves and non white women in our society and by doing so they could deflect attention away from their classism and racism hooks called out both feminists I ve read and feminists I m planning to read and yet I will continue to use the information I have learned and will seek out of the same An answer to the wherefore lies in my inherently valuing the critical process far than the perfection of the accumulated tidbits a holistic rejection of the freeze frame the weighing the hierarchy of the patriarchy implying white imperialism and androcentrism and so much else It is far easier to hate everything else than it is to incorporate that everything else into a deconstruction of that hate but if you proclaim yourself an agent of justice that is what you must do We cannot form an accurate picture of woman s status by simply calling attention to the role
assigned females underfemales under More specifically we cannot form an accurate picture of the status of black women by simply focusing on racial hierarchiesScholars have argued further that by not allowing black men to assume their traditional patriarchal status white men effectively emasculated
them reducing them to an effeminate state Implicit in this assertion is the assumption that the worst that can happen toreducing them to an effeminate state Implicit in this assertion is the assumption that the worst that can happen to man is that he be made to assume the social status of woman I ll rest when a black trans lesbian a recovering addict who rew up in poverty and was once a sex worker is the President of the United States Inconceivable enough to almost everyone as of now but that list of characteristics will only Clotilda grow longer during my lifetime of reading writing and thinking for the lack of academic discourse on that particular combination of bigotry does not prevent me from being aware of the existence of individuals who by sheer coincidence of birth fit the bill That coincidence should not choke aspirations of leadership in the highest echelons from theet Mokee Joe Recharged (Mokee Joe, go What must change is not the aspirations but the choking I know of than one colored woman who was openly importuned by white women to become the mistresses of their white husbands on therounds that they the white wives were afraid that if their husbands did not associate with colored women they would certainly do so with outside white women and the white wives for reasons which ought to be perfectly obvious preferred to have their husbands do wrong with the colored women in order to keep their husbands straight I interviewed a black woman usually employed as a clerk who was living in near poverty yet she continually emphasized the fact that black woman was matriarchal powerful in control of her life in fact she was nearly having a nervous breakdown trying to make ends meet hooks did not touch on ueer theory She did not call out the disrespectful and dehumanizing view of China and its culture in one of her used uotes She did not cite her sources as explicitly as most although the very concept of citations evolves from the uick and easy rhetoric of the patriarchy that engulfs its oppression in seeming ethos while in reality making the rules so as to have something to mewl and puke about when the institution is threatened as if the rules themselves as with racism were anything but conjured out of thin air and as such can be treated accordingly similar to how Goodreads keeps capitalizing her name aka disrespecting her autonomy in the effort to preserve the fragile sanctity of its holy search function However her holistic breakdown of white black male female without ever playing one off the other is a lesson of criticizing the complex web of indoctrination oppression that can be applied to any intersectional social justice The patriarchy is a bloated blight spanning from its emphasis on capitalism to its compromised inheritance all in the effort to reduce humanity to ciphers of privilege for this or that or any old reason of difference difference difference Life is politics is life is a multifarious thing and will not limit its splinte. A roundbreaking work of feminist history and theory analyzing the complex relations between various forms of oppr. ,